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learning hindi

 

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learning hindi

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Hindi is the second most spoken language in the world. About 500 million people speak Hindi in India and abroad. It is the official language of India, home of over 400 different languages and dialects. More than 180 million people in India regard Hindi as their mother tongue. Another 300 million use it as a second language. Like other Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi is a direct descendant of an early form of Vedic Sanskrit, through Sauraseni Prakrit and Śauraseni Apabhraṃśa (from Sanskrit apabhraṃśa "corrupted"), which emerged in the 7th century A.D. It has been influenced and enriched by Dravidian, Turkish, Persian, Arabic, Portuguese and English. Several dialects of Hindi have been used in literature. Braj before, and Khari Boli now is the standard dialect. Marwari, Bundeli, Kanauji, Chattisgarhi, Bagheli, Avadhi, and Bhojpuri are other popular dialects of Hindi. Written left to right, Hindi uses the Devanagari script - one of the world's most attractive scripts. Devanagari has 34 consonants and 12 vowels - though diacritics indicate the vowels. Consonant clusters are formed into ligatures, which have a particularly ornate form. The language can be transliterated into a Latin script. Hindi is a powerful and expressive language. In poetry and songs, it can convey emotions using simple and gentle words. It can also be used for exact and rational reasoning.

With globalization in 1990s and India’s aggressive entry in world market, Hindi has become a more widely recognized tongue and is gaining importance in trade and security, and in schools. Hindi has gradually become the link language and the majority of Indians now use it in their day-to-day lives. In 2003 the U.S. Department of State named Hindi as one of the crucial languages to learn.

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